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Tuesday, October 19, 2021

Cop26 will be ‘rich nations stitch-up’ if poorer countries kept away by Covid

The Cop26 climate summit in Glasgow should be postponed until the government can ensure that the talks won’t be a “rich nations stitch-up”, a diverse coalition of international organisations has said.

With less than two months to go before the talks, the Climate Action Network (CAN), a global alliance of more than 1,500 civil society organisations, is warning that many delegates from the global south will be unable to attend due to vaccine inequity and prohibitive quarantine costs.

“Our concern is that those countries most deeply affected by the climate crisis and the countries suffering from the artificial shortage created around vaccines will be conspicuous in Cop26 – by their absence,” said Tasneem Essop, executive director of CAN, in a statement.

“There has always been an inherent power imbalance between rich and poor nations within the UN climate talks and this is now compounded by the health crisis. Looking at the current timeline for Cop26 and the logistical challenges, it is difficult to imagine fair participation from the global south under safe conditions and it should therefore be postponed.”

Many of the countries most affected by the climate crisis are on the government’s Covid “red list”, meaning that even fully vaccinated delegates from those countries – some of the poorest in the world – would have to pay hundreds of pounds in quarantine costs to attend.

Ivonne Yánez, from Acción Ecológica, an environmental group in Ecuador, said the costs meant that many NGOs, like hers, would struggle to send delegates. She urged the UK government and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to relax some restrictions, saying it was a “complete absurdity” that Ecuador, where more than 53% of the population has been fully vaccinated, remained on the red list.

“How can a country that decided to have a Cop, knowing that Covid [meant] new conditions, maintain these extreme and hard requirements for the delegates?” said Yánez.

In June, at the G7 summit, Boris Johnson announced the UK’s plans to work to provide Covid vaccines to Cop26 delegates who would be unable to get them otherwise.

Delegates were asked to register their interest by 23 July and wait to be contacted. Many are still waiting. With the talks due to begin on 31 October, the opportunity has passed for people to be double jabbed in time.

Maria Reyes, climate activist with Fridays for Future Mexico, said she had been told by the UNFCCC that, as the Mexican government was operating a functioning programme, she should be vaccinated through them. But Reyes, 19, has been told by local administrators she has to wait her turn.

“It feels bad and so unfair, and it makes us angry, because they [the UK and UNFCC] have the resources to make this happen. They’re just choosing to put them somewhere else,” she said. Reyes said she had read the Queen would be attending: “But you’re preventing the attendance of the people affected by the climate crisis. That really has let us see how this is going to be the most imperialistic Cop ever.”

Organisers have said delegates do not have to be vaccinated to take part in Cop26, though it is strongly encouraged. But Reyes said she could not participate unless she had been jabbed, because of cost – mandatory for unvaccinated arrivals from red list countries – of quarantining for 10 days in a hotel.

“This is going to be a rich people’s conversation, basically,” she said. “Rich people, from rich countries, they are not the most affected by the climate crisis. So the result of this is going to be that this Cop is going to be super-biased.”

In May Alok Sharma, president of Cop26, spoke of his desire for “an inclusive summit, where all voices are heard, including the voices of developing countries, women, young people and indigenous peoples”.

Dorothy Guerrero, head of policy at Global Justice Now, called on the British government to make good on that vision, and ensure that “those whose lives and livelihoods are at stake” be present.

“They promised that this will be an inclusive Cop, despite the fact that they are hosting it in a global pandemic. I appreciate the challenge that it poses. But of course the least we expect is that they consider the challenges that delegates, participants and observers are also going through,” she said.

Mohamed Adow, director of thinktank Power Shift Africa, said a summit dominated by rich nations would fly “in the face of the principles of the UN process and opens the door for a rich nations stitch-up of the talks. A climate summit without the voices of those most affected by climate change is not fit for purpose.”

The UNFCCC was approached for comment.

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